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Successfully introduced classical biological control agents
- Insecta, Coleoptera
-

 

Adalia bipunctata  
Family Coccinellidae
Target pest Toxoptera aurantii
Date of first use ?
EPPO countries where introduced Portugal (Azores) [S*] (Widespread in the EPPO region)
Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Portugal

 

Cryptolaemus montrouzieri  
Family Coccinellidae
Target pest Pseudococcidae
Date of first use 1929
EPPO countries where introduced Portugal [S] (Mediterranean distribution)
Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Australia
   
Target pest Planococcus citri
Date of first use 1908-
EPPO countries where introduced

Italy [E; Sardegna P; Sicilia E], Israel [P], Portugal, Greece [F], Cyprus [T], France [P], Spain [P], former USSR
(Georgia) [F?] (Mediterranean distribution)

Multiple/single introductions Single, multiple
Origin of collected material Australia

 

Rhizophagus grandis  
Family Rhizophagidae
Target pest Dendroctonus micans
Date of first use 1963-
EPPO countries where introduced

former USSR (Georgia) [S], UK [E], France [E] (Probably widespread in Central & Eastern Europe)

Multiple/single introductions Single, multiple
Origin of collected material Belgium

 

Rhyzobius forestieri  
Family Coccinellidae
Target pest Saissetia oleae
Date of first use 1980
EPPO countries where introduced

Italy [S], France [S], Greece [E], Cyprus [N], Israel [E]

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Australia

 

Rodolia cardinalis  
Family Coccinellidae
Target pest Icerya purchasi
Date of first use 1897-
EPPO countries where introduced

Portugal [C], former USSR (Georgia) [C], Italy [S], former Yugoslavia [N], Israel [C*], France [C], Spain [C], Switzerland [F], Greece [S], Malta [C], Cyprus [S] (Mediterranean distribution, CIS)

Multiple/single introductions Single, multiple
Origin of collected material Australia

 

Scymnus impexus  
Family Coccinellidae
Target pests Adelges spp.
Date of first use 1968
EPPO countries where introduced

Sweden [S], UK [N] (native in Europe)

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Germany

 

Scymnus reunioni  
Synonym Nephus reunioni
Family Coccinellidae
Target pest Planococcus citri
Date of first use 1967
EPPO countries where introduced

Israel [N], Italy (Sardegna) [P], former USSR (Georgia) [F?]

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material India

 

Serangium parcesetosum  
Family Coccinellidae
Target pest Dialeurodes citri
Date of first use 1973
EPPO countries where introduced

former USSR [Georgia, C*; Azerbaijan, C*; Uzbekistan, F], France (Corse) [E], Israel, Turkey [S?]

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material India, former USSR

 

__________________________________
Result of introduction when available: [C] complete, [S] substantial, [P] partial, [E] established but not contributing to control or status unknown, [F] failed to become established; [N] no information on the outcome; [T] established but believed to have died out. Asterisks (*) indicate cases where more than one organism contributed to the result.

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