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Successfully introduced classical biological control agents
- Insecta, Hymenoptera (part I)
-

 

Ageniaspis citricola  
Family Encyrtidae
Target pest Phyllocnistis citrella
Date of first use 1994-
EPPO countries where introduced Israel, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, France, Greece, Cyprus, Spain [C], Italy (Sicilia); established only on Canary Islands where provides complete control of the target pest
Multiple/single introductions Single, multiple
Origin of collected material Thailand, Florida (USA)

 

Allotropa burrelli  
Family Platygasteridae
Target pest Pseudococcus comstocki
Date of first use 1945
EPPO countries where introduced former USSR [P*]
Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Japan

 

Allotropa convexifrons  
Family Platygasteridae
Target pest Pseudococcus comstocki
Date of first use 1945
EPPO countries where introduced former USSR [P*]
Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Korea

 

Amitus spiniferus  
Family Platygasteridae
Target pest Aleurothrixus floccosus
Date of first use 1971-
EPPO countries where introduced

France [C*], Italy [S*]

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Central America

 

Anagyrus agraensis  
Family Encyrtidae
Target pest Nipaecoccus viridis
Date of first use 1984-
EPPO countries where introduced

Jordan [S?], Israel [S?]

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Guam

 

Anagyrus fusciventris  
Family Encyrtidae
Target pests Pseudococcidae (Pseudococcus longispinus)
Date of first use 1972
EPPO countries where introduced Israel [S]
Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Australia

 

Anaphes nitens  
Family Mymaridae
Target pest Gonipterus scutellatus
Date of first use 1978
EPPO countries where introduced

Italy [C], France [P], Spain [S]

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Australia

 

Aphelinus mali  
Family Aphelinidae
Target pest Eriosoma lanigerum
Date of first use 1920-
EPPO countries where introduced

France [P], Hungary [S], Israel [P], Italy [S], Slovenia [?], Switzerland [S], former USSR (Azerbaijan) [C], Portugal [N], Belgium [C], Germany [P], UK [P], Slovenia, Malta, Netherlands [P], Spain [P], Poland [P], Sweden [P], Cyprus [C], Denmark [P] (Widespread in the EPPO region)

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material USA

 

Aphytis holoxanthus  
Family Aphelinidae
Target pest Chrysomphalus aonidum
Date of first use 1956
EPPO countries where introduced Israel [C*] (Mediterranean distribution)
Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Hong Kong

 

Aphytis lepidosaphes  
Family Aphelinidae
Target pest Cornuaspis beckii
Date of first use 1956-
EPPO countries where introduced

Israel [C], Cyprus [N], France [N], Greece [S], Spain [S], Italy (Sicilia) [P]

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material China

 

Aphytis lingnanensis  
Family Aphelinidae
Target pest Aonidiella aurantii
Date of first use 1960-
EPPO countries where introduced

Cyprus [P], Israel [E], Italy (Sicilia), Morocco [E], Spain [P] (Mediterranean distribution)

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material China

 

Aphytis melinus  
Family Aphelinidae
     
Target pest Chrysomphalus dictyospermi
Date of first use 1962-
EPPO countries where introduced

Greece [S; Kriti, C], Italy [C], Morocco [C], France (Corse) [P], Spain [P] (commercially available for inondative releases since 2008), former USSR (Georgia) [E?] (Mediterranean distribution)

Multiple/single introductions ?
Origin of collected material India/Pakistan
     
Target pest Aonidiella aurantii
Date of first use 1961-
EPPO countries where introduced

Cyprus [P], Israel [P], Italy (Sicilia) [P], Morocco [E] (Mediterranean distribution)

Multiple/single introductions Single, multiple
Origin of collected material India/Pakistan
     
Target pest Aspidiotus nerii
Date of first use ?
EPPO countries where introduced Greece (Kriti) [P] (Mediterranean distribution)
Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material India/Pakistan

 

Aphytis proclia  
Family Aphelinidae
Target pest Pseudaulacaspis pentagona
Date of first use 1924
EPPO countries where introduced Italy [S] (Widespread in the EPPO region)
Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material East Asia

 

Clausenia purpurea  
Family Encyrtidae
Target pest Pseudococcus citriculus
Date of first use 1940
EPPO countries where introduced Israel [C]
Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Japan

 

Comperiella bifasciata  
Family Encyrtidae
Target pest Aonidiella aurantii
Date of first use 1924-
EPPO countries where introduced

Israel [P*], Italy, France [N], Spain [P] (Mediterranean distribution)

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material South China
     

 

__________________________________
Result of introduction when available: [C] complete, [S] substantial, [P] partial, [E] established but not contributing to control or status unknown, [F] failed to become established; [N] no information on the outcome; [T] established but believed to have died out. Asterisks (*) indicate cases where more than one organism contributed to the result.

Continue Hymenoptera part II

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