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Successfully introduced classical biological control agents
- Insecta, Hymenoptera (part II)
-

 

Encarsia berlesei  
Family Aphelinidae
Target pest Pseudaulacaspis pentagona
Date of first use 1906-
EPPO countries where introduced

Italy [C], Bulgaria [C], Switzerland [C], Spain [C], Austria [C], former USSR [C], France [P], Hungary, Slovenia

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Japan, East Asia

 

Encarsia herndoni  
Synonym Encarsia elongata
Family Aphelinidae
Target pest Lepidosaphes gloverii
Date of first use 1979
EPPO countries where introduced Spain [S]
Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material East Asia

 

Encarsia lahorensis  
Family Aphelinidae
Target pest Dialeurodes citri
Date of first use 1973-
EPPO countries where introduced

Italy [S; Sardegna, P; Sicilia, C], former USSR (Georgia) [C*], France [E], Turkey, Greece [S, E], Israel [C*]

Multiple/single introductions Single, multiple
Origin of collected material India, Pakistan

 

Encarsia perniciosi  
Family Aphelinidae
Target pest Quadraspidiotus perniciosus
Date of first use 1932-
EPPO countries where introduced Italy [P], former USSR [E], Germany [P], France [P], Bulgaria [C], former Czechoslovakia [E, N], Switzerland [P], former Yugoslavia [N], Austria [E], Greece [E], Spain [P] (Widespread in the EPPO region)
Multiple/single introductions Single, multiple
Origin of collected material China, Korea

 

Eretmocerus debachi  
Family Aphelinidae
Target pest Parabemisia myricae
Date of first use 1982-
EPPO countries where introduced

Israel [C], Turkey [C], Italy [S]
(Mediterranean distribution?)

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Japan, North America

 

Metaphycus anneckei

 
Family Encyrtidae
Target pest Saissetia oleae
Date of first use ?
EPPO countries where introduced

Greece [C], Israel [E], France [E], Italy [F]

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material South Africa

 

Metaphycus flavus  
Family Encyrtidae
Target pest Coccus hesperidum
Date of first use 1959
EPPO countries where introduced

Italy [P], former USSR (Ukraine) [C] (Mediterranean distribution)

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Morocco

 

Metaphycus helvolus  
Family Encyrtidae
Target pest Saissetia oleae
Date of first use 1960-
EPPO countries where introduced

Israel [E], France (Corse) [P*], Greece [C; Kriti, S], Italy [P], Spain [S], Cyprus [E], former USSR [F]

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material South Africa

 

Metaphycus lounsburyi  
Family Encyrtidae
Target pest(s) Saissetia oleae
Date of first use 1973-
EPPO countries where introduced

France [P], Israel [C], Greece (Kriti) [P], Italy [E], Cyprus [S] (Mediterranean distribution)

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material South Africa

 

Metaphycus swirskii  
Family Encyrtidae
Target pest Saissetia oleae
Date of first use 1973
EPPO countries where introduced

Israel [E], France [E], Greece (Kriti) [P], Italy [P]

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Kenya

 

Neodryinus typhlocybae  
Family Dryinidae
Target pest Metcalfa pruinosa
Date of first use 1989-
EPPO countries where introduced Italy, France, Slovenia, Switzerland
Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material USA

 

Neodusmetia sangwani  
Family Encyrtidae
Target pest Antonina graminis
Date of first use 1971
EPPO countries where introduced Israel [S]
Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material South India

 

Ooencyrtus kuvanae  
Family Encyrtidae
Target pest Lymantria dispar
Date of first use 1922
EPPO countries where introduced

former Czechoslovakia [E], Spain [P], Morocco [E], Algeria [E], Portugal [E], former USSR
(Kazakhstan, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan) [P]

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Japan

 

Pseudaphycus malinus  
Family Encyrtidae
Target pest Pseudococcus comstocki
Date of first use 1945
EPPO countries where introduced former USSR [C]
Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Korea

 

Psyllaephagus pilosus  
Family Encyrtidae
Target pest Ctenarytaina eucalypti
Date of first use 1994
EPPO countries where introduced Ireland [S], France [S]
Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Australia

 

Psyttalia concolor  
Synonym Opius concolor
Family Braconidae
Target pest Bactrocera oleae
Date of first use 1914-
EPPO countries where introduced

Italy [S], Greece [P], France [P], Spain [P], Portugal, former Yugoslavia [N]

Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Libya, Tunisia

 

Pteroptrix orientalis  
Synonym Archenomus orientalis
Family Aphelinidae
Target pest Pseudaulacaspis pentagona
Date of first use 1909
EPPO countries where introduced Italy [S]
Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Japan

 

Pteroptrix smithi  
Family Aphelinidae
Target pest Chrysomphalus aonidum
Date of first use 1956
EPPO countries where introduced Israel [C*]
Multiple/single introductions Single
Origin of collected material Hong Kong
     

__________________________________
Result of introduction when available: [C] complete, [S] substantial, [P] partial, [E] established but not contributing to control or status unknown, [F] failed to become established; [N] no information on the outcome; [T] established but believed to have died out. Asterisks (*) indicate cases where more than one organism contributed to the result.

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