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Commercially used biological control agents
- Insecta, Hemiptera/Heteroptera
-

 

Anthocoris nemoralis  
Family Anthocoridae
Main target pests Psyllidae (orchards)
Original distribution Palaearctic
Distribution in EPPO Widespread
Date of first use ?
EPPO countries where used Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Netherlands
Use Outdoors

 

Anthocoris nemorum  
Family Anthocoridae
Main target pests Cacopsylla pyri, thrips
Original distribution Palaearctic
Distribution in EPPO Widespread
Date of first use 1992
EPPO countries where used Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, Jersey, Netherlands, UK
Use Outdoors

 

Macrolophus pygmaeus  
Family Miridae
Main target pests Aleyrodidae
Original distribution Palaearctic
Distribution in EPPO Widespread
Date of first use 1990
EPPO countries where used Austria, Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guernsey, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Lithuania, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, UK (restricted under license)
Use Indoors
Additional remark

1) Macrolophus pygmaeus was previously included on the positive list under the name Macrolophus melanotoma (synonym: Macrolophus caliginosus), this error was found and corrected in 2009;
2) Macrolophus pygmaeus has been reported as damaging on cherry tomato and on Gerbera. It is therefore not recommended for use on these crops. Caution is advised when using M. pygmaeus on any new crop, particularly ornamentals with a low threshold for cosmetic damage.

 

Orius albidipennis  
Family Anthocoridae
Main target pests Thrips
Original distribution Mediterranean, palaearctic
Distribution in EPPO Mediterranean
Date of first use 1991
EPPO countries where used Belgium, France, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, Spain
Use Indoors

 

Orius laevigatus  
Family Anthocoridae
Main target pests Thripidae (Frankliniella occidentalis, Thrips tabaci)
Original distribution Palaearctic (except north)
Distribution in EPPO Widespread (except north)
Date of first use 1991
EPPO countries where used Austria, Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guernsey, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jersey, Jordan, Lithuania, Malta, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland, Tunisia, UK
Use Indoors

 

Orius majusculus  
Family Anthocoridae
Main target pests Thripidae (Frankliniella occidentalis, Thrips tabaci)
Original distribution Palaearctic
Distribution in EPPO Widespread
Date of first use 1991
EPPO countries where used Austria, Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guernsey, Italy, Jersey, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK
Use Indoors

 

Picromerus bidens  
Family Pentatomidae
Main target pests Lepidoptera
Original distribution Palaearctic (also established in Nearctic)
Distribution in EPPO Widespread
Date of first use 1990
EPPO countries where used CIS countries, Germany, Poland, Russia
Use Outdoors/indoors

 

Podisus maculiventris  
Family Pentatomidae
Main target pests Lepidoptera, Leptinotarsa decemlineata
Original distribution North and South America
Distribution in EPPO Not established
Date of first use 1996
EPPO countries where used Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Russia, Spain
Use Indoors/outdoors

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