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Commercially used biological control agents
- Insecta, Hymenoptera (part II)
-

 

Encarsia citrina  
Family Aphelinidae
Main target pests Diaspididae
Original distribution Cosmopolitan
Distribution in EPPO Mediterranean
Date of first use 1984
EPPO countries where used Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain
Use Indoors

 

Encarsia formosa  
Family Aphelinidae
Main target pests Aleyrodidae (Trialeurodes vaporariorum, Bemisia tabaci)
Original distribution Southern nearctic
Distribution in EPPO Widespread
Date of first use 1930
EPPO countries where used Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Lithuania, Malta, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, UK
Use Indoors

 

Encyrtus aurantii  
Synonyms Encyrtus lecaniorum
Family Encyrtidae
Main target pests Coccidae
Original distribution Palaearctic
Distribution in EPPO Widespread (south)
Date of first use 1980
EPPO countries where used Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain
Use Indoors

 

Encyrtus infelix  
Synonyms Eucomys tananarivensis
Family Encyrtidae
Main target pests Coccidae
Original distribution Afrotropical region
Distribution in EPPO Israel
Date of first use 1992
EPPO countries where used Belgium, Denmark, France, Netherlands, Spain
Use Indoors

 

Ephedrus cerasicola  
Family Braconidae
Main target pests Aphis frangulae, A. gossypii, Aulacorthum circumflexum, Aulacorthum solani, Brachycaudus helichrysi, Capitophorus inulae, Cavariella aegopodii, Chaetosiphon fragaefolii, Cryptomyzus galeopsidis, Dysaphis apiifolia, Dysaphis sp., Hyadaphis foeniculi, Hyperomyzus lactucae, Hyperomyzus sp., Myzus ascalonicus, M. cerasi, M. ligustri, M. nicotinae, M. ornatus, M. persicae, Nasonovia ribisnigri, Nasonovia sp., Ovatus crataegarius, Phorodon humili, Rhodobium porosum
Original distribution Naturally throughout Europe
Distribution in EPPO Widespread
Date of first use 1999
EPPO countries where used Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, UK
Use Indoors

 

Eretmocerus eremicus  
Family Aphelinidae
Main target pests Bemisia tabaci
Original distribution Southern nearctic
Distribution in EPPO Mediterranean
Date of first use 1994
EPPO countries where used Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guernsey, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Malta, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey
Use Indoors

 

Eretmocerus mundus  
Family Aphelinidae
Main target pests Bemisia tabaci
Original distribution South Europe
Distribution in EPPO Mediterranean
Date of first use 1996
EPPO countries where used Denmark, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain
Use Indoors

 

Gyranusoidea litura  
Family Encyrtidae
Main target pests Pseudococcus longispinus
Original distribution Africa
Distribution in EPPO France, Spain
Date of first use 1990
EPPO countries where used Belgium, France, Netherlands
Use Indoors

 

Leptomastidea abnormis  
Synonym Leptomastix abnormis
Family Encyrtidae
Main target pests Pseudococcidae
Original distribution Palaearctic
Distribution in EPPO Widespread
Date of first use 1984
EPPO countries where used Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Guernsey, Israel, Italy, Jersey, Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, UK
Use Indoors

 

Leptomastix dactylopii  
Family Encyrtidae
Main target pests Planococcus citri
Original distribution Neotropic
Distribution in EPPO Mediterranean area
Date of first use 1992
EPPO countries where used Austria, Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guernsey, Ireland, Italy, Jersey, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, UK
Use Indoors/outdoors

 

Leptomastix epona  
Family Encyrtidae
Main target pests Pseudococcidae, especially Pseudococcus viburni
Original distribution Palaearctic
Distribution in EPPO Widespread (south)
Date of first use 1992
EPPO countries where used Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Guernsey, Jersey, Netherlands, Spain, UK
Use Indoors

 

Metaphycus flavus  
Family Encyrtidae
Main target pests Coccidae, Saissetia oleae, Coccus hesperidum
Original distribution Nearctic
Established in EPPO Yes
Distribution in EPPO Mediterranean
Date of first use 1999
EPPO countries where used Germany, Netherlands, Switzerland
Use Indoors

 

Metaphycus helvolus  
Family Encyrtidae
Main target pests Coccidae (Saissetia oleae Coccus hesperidum)
Original distribution South Africa (also established in Nearctic)
Distribution in EPPO Greece, Italy
Date of first use 1992
EPPO countries where used Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland
Use Indoors/outdoors

 

Metaphycus lounsburyi  
Synonyms M. bartletti, M. anneckei and M. hagenowii, also established in some Mediterranean countries, have been misidentified as M. lounsburyi
Family Encyrtidae
Main target pests Coccidae (Saissetia oleae)
Original distribution California, Australia, Hawaii, South Africa
Distribution in EPPO Mediterranean
Date of first use 1997
EPPO countries where used Denmark, France, Italy, Netherlands
Use Indoors/outdoors

 

Metaphycus swirskii  
Family Encyrtidae
Main target pests Coccidae
Original distribution East Africa?
Distribution in EPPO France, Greece (Crete), Israel, Italy (probably more widely in Mediterranean region)
Date of first use 1992
EPPO countries where used Belgium, France, Netherlands, Spain
Use Indoors

 

Microterys nietneri  
Synonyms Microterys flavus
Family Encyrtidae
Main target pests Coccidae (Saissetia oleae)
Original distribution California, Pakistan
Distribution in EPPO Italy
Date of first use 1987
EPPO countries where used Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Israel, Netherlands, Spain, former-Yugoslavia
Use Indoors/outdoors

 

Opius pallipes  
Family Braconidae
Main target pests Liriomyza bryoniae
Original distribution Palaearctic (?)
Distribution in EPPO Widespread
Date of first use 1980
EPPO countries where used Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Guernsey, Jersey, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, UK
Use Indoors

 

Praon volucre  
Synonym Aphidius volucre
Family Braconidae
Main target pests Aphididae
Original distribution Palaearctic
Distribution in EPPO Widespread
Date of first use ?
EPPO countries where used Belgium, Guernsey, Jersey, Netherlands, Slovenia, UK
Use Indoors

 

Scutellista caerulea  
Synonym Scutellista cyanea
Family Pteromalidae
Main target pests Coccidae (Saissetia oleae, S. coffeae, Ceroplastes rusci)
Original distribution Africa
Distribution in EPPO Mediterranean, CIS
Date of first use 1990
EPPO countries where used Belgium, Denmark, France, Netherlands, Switzerland
Use Indoors

 

Tetracnemoidea peregrina  
Synonyms Hungariella peregrina
Family Encyrtidae
Main target pests Pseudococcidae
Original distribution North America
Distribution in EPPO Israel
Date of first use 1992
EPPO countries where used Belgium, France, Israel, Netherlands, Spain
Use Indoors/outdoors

 

Tetracnemoidea brevicornis  
Synonyms Hungariella pretiosa
Family Encyrtidae
Main target pests Pseudococcidae
Original distribution ?
Distribution in EPPO Italy
Date of first use 1992
EPPO countries where used Belgium, France, Netherlands, Spain
Use Indoors

 

Thripobius javae  
Synonyms Thripobius semiluteus
Family Eulophidae
Main target pests Thysanoptera (Heliothrips spp.)
Original distribution Tropical and subtropical areas of Africa, Asia and Australia
Distribution in EPPO Israel
Date of first use 1995
EPPO countries where used Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Netherlands
Use Indoors

 

Trichogramma brassicae  
Synonyms Trichogramma maidis
Family Trichogrammatidae
Main target pests Lepidoptera (Ostrinia nubilalis)
Original distribution Europe
Distribution in EPPO Widespread
Date of first use 1980
EPPO countries where used Austria, Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Jersey, Jordan, Netherlands, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland, UK
Use Outdoors/Indoors

 

Trichogramma cacoeciae  
Family Trichogrammatidae
Main target pests Lepidoptera
Original distribution Europe
Distribution in EPPO Widespread
Date of first use 1980
EPPO countries where used Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary
Use Outdoors

 

Trichogramma dendrolimi  
Family Trichogrammatidae
Main target pests Lepidoptera
Original distribution Europe
Distribution in EPPO Widespread
Date of first use 1985
EPPO countries where used Germany, Slovakia
Use Outdoors

 

Trichogramma evanescens  
Family Trichogrammatidae
Main target pests Lepidoptera (including on stored products)
Original distribution Europe
Distribution in EPPO Widespread
Date of first use 1993
EPPO countries where used Austria, Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Jersey, Jordan, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Tunisia, UK
Use Indoors/outdoors

 

Trichogramma pintoi  
Synonyms Trichogramma euproctidis
Family Trichogrammatidae
Original distribution Palaearctic, Near East, Nearctic, Neotropical region; Oriental region, widespread in EPPO region
Main target pests Mainly Lepidoptera species: Ostrinia nubilalis, Helicoverpa armigera, Cydia nigricana, Cydia pomonella, Cydia funebrana, Plutella xylostella, Mamestra brassicae, Lacanobia oleracea
Date of first use 2002 (Hungary)
EPPO countries where used Belarus, Czech Republic, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
Use Outdoors/Indoors

 

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