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Commercially used biological control agents
- Nematoda
-

 

Heterorhabditis bacteriophora
Synonyms Heterorhabditis heliothidis
Family Heterorhabditidae
Main target pests Vine weevils (Otiorhynchus spp.), other Coleoptera, Diptera, Lepidoptera
Original distribution South and central Europe/N. America
Distribution in EPPO South and central Europe
Date of first use 1984
EPPO countries where used Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Slovenia, Switzerland
Use Indoors/outdoors

 

Heterorhabditis megidis  
Family Heterorhabditidae
Main target pests Vine weevils (Otiorhynchus spp.)
Original distribution Europe
Distribution in EPPO Widespread
Date of first use 1984
EPPO countries where used Austria, Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guernsey, Ireland, Italy, Jersey, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, UK
Use Indoors/outdoors

 

Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita
Family Phasmarhabditidae
Main target pests Slugs
Original distribution Central Europe
Distribution in EPPO Widespread (except in Northern countries)
Date of first use 1984
EPPO countries where used Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Guernsey, Italy, Jersey, Netherlands, UK
Use Indoors/outdoors

 

Steinernema carpocapsae  
Synonyms Neoaplectana carpocapsae, N. feltiae
Family Steinernematidae
Main target pests Vine weevils (Otiorhynchus spp.), Sciaridae, soil-borne insects
Original distribution Europe (Holarctic)
Distribution in EPPO Widespread
Date of first use 1984

EPPO countries where used
Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Guernsey, Italy, Jersey, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Sweden, UK
Use Indoors/outdoors

 

Steinernema feltiae  
Synonyms Neoaplectana feltiae, N. bibionis, Steinernema bibionis, N. leucaniae
Family Steinernematidae
Main target pests Melolonthidae, Sciaridae etc.
Original distribution Europe (Holarctic)
Distribution in EPPO Widespread
Date of first use 1984
EPPO countries where used Austria, Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guernsey, Ireland, Italy, Jersey, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK
Use Indoors/outdoors

 

Steinernema glaseri  
Synonyms Neoaplectana glaseri
Family Steinernematidae
Main target pests Soil insects, especially Coleoptera including Chrysomelidae, Curculionidae, Elateridae, Scarabaeidae, some Lepidoptera, Orthoptera etc.
Original distribution Argentina, Brazil, China, Czech Republic, Palestine, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Slovak Republic, Spain, Switzerland, the USA
Distribution in EPPO Czech Republic, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Spain, Switzerland
Date of first use 2004
EPPO countries where used Belgium, Netherlands
Use Indoors/outdoors

 

Steinernema kraussei  
Family Steinernematidae
Main target pests Otiorhynchus sulcatus,  other Otiorhynchus species
Original distribution Throughout Europe and North America
Distribution in EPPO Widespread
Date of first use 2001 (in Ireland)
EPPO countries where used Ireland, Norway, Slovenia, most of other European countries
Use Indoors/outdoors

 

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